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Week 3 Review Worksheet
Multiple Choice
Highlight the correct answer.
1. Angelica wants to win the beauty contest because she wants the trophy and the recognition. She is
______________ motivated.
a. intrinsically
b. avoidance
c. extrinsically
d. situationally
2. Maslow believed that all human beings strive to become
a. great people
b. self-actualized
c. goal oriented
d. achievement oriented
3. _____________________ theory postulates that bodily reactions occur before the emotions and
_____________________ theory postulates that both the bodily reactions and emotions occur at the
same time.
a. Cannon–Bard theory; James–Lange theory
b. James–Lange theory; Two factor theory
c. James–Lange theory; Cannon–Bard theory
d. Emotional intelligence; Dual Pathway Model of Fear
4. ______________________ is the ability to manage emotions effectively in a variety of situations.
a. Emotional intelligence
b. Emotional resilience
c. Emotional stability
d. Mental toughness
5. ___________________ believed that the process in which we handle specific psychosocial crises
shapes our personality development throughout the lifespan.
a. Sigmund Freud
b. Erik Erickson
c. Jean Piaget
d. Albert Bandura
6. Children tend to view the world based on their personal perspectives. The term for this is
a. centration
b. egocentrism
c. ego identity
d. narcissism
7. _____________ developed his theories on human development by observing his own children
interact with the world.
a. Jean Piaget
b. Albert Bandera
c. Erik Erikson
d. Lev Vygotsky
Copyright © 2015 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.
8. ______________ theorized that children learn through the process of interacting with different types
of people in their culture and daily lives.
a. Jean Piaget
b. Albert Bandera
c. Erik Erikson
d. Lev Vygotsky
9. Erikson believed one of the biggest challenges people face in late adulthood is their ability to maintain
their ______________ as they approach the end of their life.
a. sense of self
b. ego identity
c. ego integrity
d. self-efficacy
10. According to Erikson’s psychosocial development theory, what is the life crisis stage when people
develop close relations with others?
a. Identity versus role diffusion
b. Intimacy versus isolation
c. Generativity versus stagnation
d. Integrity versus despair
Fill in the Blank
_______________ A state of deprivation or deficiency
_______________ A state of bodily tension, such as hunger or thirst
_______________ Rewards or other stimuli that motivate us to do something
_______________ The motive or desire to become successful
_______________ The desire to earn wealth or respect of others
_______________ Achieving self-satisfaction by completing a particular goal
_______________ Feeling states that psychologist view as having cognitive, physiological, and
behavioral components
_______________ The belief that emotions occur after people become aware of the physiological
responses to the triggering stimuli
________________ The belief that emotional and physiological responses occur simultaneously
________________ A mental framework for understanding or acting on the environment
________________ The process of adjustment that enables people to function more effectively in
meeting the demands they face in the environment
________________ The process of incorporating new objects or situations into existing schemas
________________ The process of creating new schemas or modify existing ones to account for new
objects and experiences
________________ The recognition that objects continue to exist even if they disappear from view
________________ The tendency to see the world from one’s own perspective
________________ The attainment of a psychological sense of knowing oneself and one’s direction
in life
________________ A stressful period of self-evaluation on issues relating to personal values and
one’s direction in life
________________ Theorist focused on the social relationships that humans have throughout their
________________ Theorist who developed his theories on human development by observing his
own children interact with the world
________________ Theorist who developed a stage theory on how moral decision making changes
throughout the lifespan.
Short Answer
Copyright © 2015 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.
Outline the theories of motivation from the text.
How do the theories of emotion differ from one another?
Outline the main components of each theory of development.
Copyright © 2015 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.

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